Our structure

The Directorate-General for the Antiquities is divided into three separate services:
  Service I - General Affairs, Economic Planning, Budget and Staff;
  Service II - Protection of Archaeological Heritage;
  Service III - Management and International Circulation of Archaeological Heritage.

As bodies referable to the Directorate-General for the Antiquities are to be considered the Superintendence at the National Prehistoric and Ethnographic Museum "L. Pigorini" and the National Museum of Oriental Art 'G. Tucci '

The Directorate also supervises the Special Superintendence for the Archaeological Heritage of Rome and the Special Superintendence for the Archaeological Heritage of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae, which are institutes with special autonomy.

Service I

This section is primarily concerned with the carrying out of legal, administrative and budget work, in support of the Directorate.

In order to fulfil this role, the Service:

  • collects and analyzes data and prepares reports in reply to investigations of the Authorities which control the management of administrative accountability;
  • liaises with the Independent Authority for Performance Assessment charged with monitoring the extent to which objectives have been achieved, overseeing the final budget submissions and evaluating managers;
  • ensures that all of the formal obligations with regard to Transparency have been met;
  • takes care of the proceedings related to the cases;
  • ensures that all of the formalities have been satisfied in relation to the Program of activities and operating costs of directly-managed units;
  • advises about the Public Works Programs and the additional funding for the Cultural Heritage programs or projects on the archaeological heritage;
  • ensures that all of the formalities have been satisfied in relation to Budget, the reports, the period of adjustment as well as other relevant fields related to the public spending;
  • manages the funds allocated to the Directorate, providing on the one hand to the payments for the purchase of goods and services required by the Directorate-General and on the other hand to the crediting in behalf of the nineteen archaeological Superintendence and of the museums and offices under the jurisdiction of the Directorate-General;
  • manages, together with the Directorate-General for the Organization, General Affairs, Innovation, Budget and Staff, matters relating to staff costs, including people working at the Special Superintendences of Rome and Pompeii;
  • exercises the control over budgets of the Special Superintendences of Rome and  Pompeii and supervises the Archaeological School of Athens;
  • manages the staff of the Directorate-General;
  • manages the relations with trade unions.

These activities involve:

  • the acquisition of relevant information and the drafting of responses to surveys taken care of by the Court of Auditors, by the other external control authorities and by the Independent Authority of Performance Assessment;
  • the processing of economic and financial accounting data flow to the Ministry of Economy and Finance, in regard to State Budget, also through web portals and information systems;
  • the Directorate-General for the Antiquities’ contractual activity (e.g. supplies, leases, etc.);
  • the direct payment to Directorate-General for the Antiquities’ creditors for goods and services and financial resources accreditation on chapters managed by territorial Superintendences;
  • the proceeding and the payment for the legal costs, damages and out-of-pocket expenses, and reimbursement of costs relating to the cases;

Service II

This Section is responsible for coordinating the activities concerned with the protection of archaeological heritage, and for supervision of such activities of the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage.

These roles include:

  • expressing environmental impact evaluations for the construction of infrastructures and productive installations;
  • putting means and measures in place to enable the compulsory acquisition of archaeological objects by legal right of pre-emption or expropriation;
  • issuing concessions and permissions to public or private institutions carrying out archaeological researches;
  • dealing with the payment of the finding reward;
  • maintaining a list of persons or bodies authorized, according to existing legislation [1], to draft archaeological evaluation reports to apply to the preliminary stage of public works projects;
  • carrying out the proceedings related to offenses against the archaeological heritage (i.e. damages, thefts, etc.), and imposing reinstating and pecuniary sanctions prescribed by the Code; nominating the appropriate Superintendence to manage and conserve confiscated archaeological goods;
  • assessing evaluations concerning the payment of taxes through the transfer of cultural goods to the State;
  • providing for the activities of the Scientific Committee for Cultural Heritage.

These activities involve:

  • receiving applications, in particular by the Directorate-General for Landscape, Fine Arts, Architecture and Contemporary Art (VIA) and local public agencies and private owners of project activity (assessment projects) and the Ministry for Economics and Finance;
  • analyzing requirements, including through the acquisition of information and assessments from peripheral institutions and assessing related evaluations;
  • adopting measures of pre-emption or compulsory purchases, research concessions, finding rewards;
  • issuing the related payments.


Service III

The work of this Section focuses on:

  • issuing exhibitions and long term loans;
  • managing deposits of State-owned works in local museums or other institutions;
  • checking of the international circulation of archaeological objects, including through the development of guidelines for the Export Offices;
  • managing and maintaining website management and implementing and updating specialized databases and  Bollettino di Archeologia on line, the scientific review of the Directorate-General;
  • pursuing research and scientific initiatives in the field of cataloguing and creating inventory for archaeological sites;
  • working on conventions and guidelines for museums and archaeological areas;
  • collaborating in museum exhibits;
  • managing and developing education activities in the field of archaeological heritage;
  • maintaining relationships with international Organizations involved with the issue of the circulation of archaeological objects;
  • issuing the appointment of Honorary Inspectors.

These activities involve:

  • to receive applications (of loans, exchange, deposit);
  • to evaluate the documentation, after obtaining the advices of competent Regional Offices or,  in case of works illicitly exported, liaising with the Carabinieri Cultural Heritage Protection and Regional Offices, and through consultation with the State Attorney General's Office and diplomats (Ministry Foreign Affairs, Embassy);
  • to issue authorization for the storage, loaning, export and temporary movement  of archaeological objects;
  • in case of illegally exported objects, to initiate recovery procedures, according to EC legislation and other International Conventions, to support the work of the General Secretariat on such matters and to support the initiation of judicial procedures abroad and, if items are successfully recovered, allocating any such finds to the appropriate Superintendent;
  • to collaborate with the General Secretariat for the activities related to the preparation of documents and reports required by International Authorities.

 The three Services, each responsible for its own sphere of activity, coordinate litigations work and prepare reports for, and address questions made by the Parliament or other Supervisory Bodies.

[1] See Art. 95 (Preliminary Control of archaeological interest during the preliminary draft). (Art. 2-b, Decree-Law n. 63/2005, converted into Law n. 109/2005) of the Decree. April 12, 2006, n. 163, containing the "Code of public contracts for works, services and supplies in Directives 2004/17/EC and 2004/18/EC ', published in Official Gazette ordinary supplement, May 2, 2006, n. 100.